Definitions of Vegetarianism and Veganism

The word vegetarian, coined by the founders of the British Vegetarian Society in 1842, comes from the Latin word vegetus, meaning “whole, sound, fresh, or lively,” as in homo vegetus — a mentally and physically vigorous person. The original meaning of the word implies a balanced philosophical and moral sense of life, a lot more than just a diet of vegetables and fruits. Vegetarians Vegetarians don’t eat the flesh of any animals be they mammals, birds or fish. In addition, vegans don’t eat any animal products such as milk, cheese and eggs. Lacto-Ovo-Vegetarians They include dairy products and eggs (free-range please!) as part of their diet. This is the diet most commonly thought of as vegetarian. Vegan Those practicing a full vegan lifestyle endeavour to live lives which do not cause any suffering at all to animals, or exploit animals in any way. This means not eating eggs, dairy, meat, or honey; not wearing leather, wool, and silk; and not using products that have been tested on animals. Entertainment that confines or exploits animals such as circuses, rodeos, and zoos is avoided. PETA has an excellent website on how to live a vegan lifestyle. The word “vegan” was invented… Read More

Filed under: Resource Centre Uncategorised

Leonardo da Vinci: The incurable polymath

by Diana Renelli “Truly man is the king of beasts, for his brutality exceeds theirs. We live by the death of others: We are burial places!” “I have from an early age abjured the use of meat, and the time will come when men such as I will look upon the murder of animals as they now look upon the murder of men” Leonardo da Vinci’s career as a polymath, or know-it-all, also began during his boyhood. Da Vinci’s father quickly recognized the 12-year-old’s talents and arranged that he become an apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio, a painter, sculptor, and goldsmith. As Giorgio Vasari reveals in Lives of the Artists: “[he] began to practice not only one branch of the arts but all branches in which design plays a part. He was marvellously gifted.” During the course of his life, da Vinci’s giftedness eventually manifested itself in numerous disciplines including: anatomy, engineering, astronomy, mathematics, music, sculpture, architecture, painting, and natural history. The multiplicity of his colossal talents set him apart from his contemporaries and rendered him an enigma, as did his preference for a vegetarian diet. In Leonardo: The Artist and the Man, Serge Bramly reveals instances in Leonardo’s Notebooks… Read More

Filed under: Uncategorised

Do vegetarians eat fish?

Fish. It’s usually the last meat people give up. Maybe it should be the first. by Steve Hal North Americans have been swearing off beef, pork and chicken in droves lately. Most cite health concerns such as heart disease and cancer, while others express empathy for the environment and animals. But many still consume fish thinking it is healthy or at worst a relatively harmless indulgence. They couldn’t be more wrong! Fish’s dark side — pollutants, toxins and heavy metals Fish are very sensitive to the high number of pollutants in the water around them. As British social critic, Peter Cox says, “describing anything which comes out of this toxic environment as a ‘health food’ is clearly absurd.” Fresh water and inshore fish are the riskiest but pollutants are even showing up in deep sea fish as well. Chemicals gather in their fat and bio-accumulate as the fish ages. When one fish eats another the chemicals are absorbed in the flesh of the predator. The February 1992 issue of Consumers Report showed that PCBs were found in 43% of all salmon, 50% of white fish and 35% of deep sea fish like swordfish. High levels of PCBs are also found… Read More

Filed under: Animal Issues Sustainability Uncategorised